- If you haven't already done so, fill out my survey! (As I mentioned on Your Daily Dish with Mish, the social studies department and school administration would like me to check in with you individually, so treat this basic survey seriously in that you should answer the questions. PLEASE NOTE -- if I don't hear back from you, I'll have to let administrators know! We just want to be sure that (a) you're okay and (b) responsive to my check-ins.
- Watch the video below, which is a nice introduction to the Age of Exploration.
- [Recommended] -- After having watched the video, leave a comment and react to the video you've watched.
You have two tasks:
Thanks for watching the last video on the Protestant Reformation. Now, I'd like you to watch a Crash Course on the [Catholic] Counter-Reformation.
Here's a bit of a different task. Answer this one question below, and watch the Crash Course video on the Counter-Reformation.
Read Session 8-8.
Answer one of the following questions by posting a comment below. Write out your reaction in at least two paragraphs, and if you're really good, develop what you think is an effective argument.
(Remember, an effective argument is simply a claim, backed up with evidence and reasoning. Others might react to your claim -- if that's the case, you've offered something contestable and worthy of [digital] discussion!
We've been on the move the last few days. We traveled up the Italian coast, from Naples to Siena, in pursuit of our penultimate destination: Florence. Check out some recent shots of Siena, where we toured both the Basilica Cateriniana and the Siena Cathedral.
Today, we departed our hotel in Rome and crossed national borders to the Vatican City, a sovereign city-state embedded within the Italian capital. There, we toured the Vatican Museums, once papal residences to Roman Catholic leaders. Matt served as our tour guide, while Justyna and I added our two cents during our viewing of Raphael's School of Athens.
Afterward, we spent about ten minutes in the Sistine Chapel, a truly remarkable multi-panel fresco in Saint Peter's Basilica. The chapel is Michelangelo's masterpiece (though, historians often acknowledge the artist himself disliked nearly every moment of its creation -- he considered himself a sculpture).
We culminated our day walking through a few more piazzas and enjoyed a pizza dinner back at the hotel.
Tomorrow, we head to the Da Vinci Museum in the morning, and then we'll prepare for our next legs of the trip: Naples, Sorrento, Pompeii, and Florence.
Much like yesterday, we toured the ancient Roman sites on foot. First, we visited the Capitoline Museums — three art and archeological museums (a three-tiered building plot situated in Piazza del Campidoglio), replete with sculptures, paintings, and general artifacts from throughout the Roman republic and empire. Historians trace the museum’s origins to the late 15th century, when Pope Sixtus IV donated “ancient bronzes to the people of Rome and located them on the Capitoline Hill.” The most renowned objects include a head bust Constantine (a colossal head structure abutting the building wall), a statue of a mounted Emperor Marcus Aurelius in the center of the piazza, the wounded Amazon, Bernini’s Medusa, the Spinario, the Capitoline Venus, and the She-Wolf of Rome. Interestingly, many of the Roman pagan statues were destroyed on the orders of the Christian Church during the Middle Ages, but the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius remained, in part because medieval Christian authorities erroneously thought it depicted Emperor Constantine, who institutionalized Christianity in the early 300s. Much of our morning was spent completing a scavenger hunt, as we located many of these famous artifacts.
Afterwards, we ate lunch near the museum and then spent the afternoon touring the Roman Colosseum, site of ancient gladiatorial games. We snapped tens, if not hundreds of photographs inside, walked up to the upper and lower parts of the ancient building, all before heading out to visit Constantine’s Arch, the Palatine Hill, and the Circus Maximus.
After our visit to the Colosseum, we walked through the Roman Forum and visited Julius Caesar’s tomb, where we held a seminar on the tension between having a strong, relatively beneficent autocrat versus a corrupt, oligarchic senate whereby power was distributed much evenly.
In the evening, we had free time and dinner in the beautiful Trastevere district.
Tomorrow, we head to another country and visit the most heavily-visited place in the world: the Vatican City. Stay tuned!
Discursive Discourse Delivered